baby name RaphaelThe baby name Raphael feels romantic and traditional, plus it’s nicely underused.

Thanks to Natalie for suggesting our Baby Name of the Day.


Raphael means “God heals.”

He’s an archangel, and a major figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. As religious figures go, he’s well-known. John Milton included him in Paradise Lost. The television series Supernatural gave us a version of Raphael, too.

A handful of additional saints Raphael have been recorded, but odds are that many of the places are named for the angel. There’s more than one Saint-Raphaël in French-speaking countries, as well as several San Rafaels through the Spanish-speaking world.


Then there’s Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, better known as Raphael.

A prolific artist, the architect and painter helped define the High Renaissance in Italy. A contemporary of Michelangelo and da Vinci, he’s a master of the era.

Perhaps Raffaello isn’t quite as well known as some of his contemporaries. But a 1980s animated series putting them back on equal footing.


The original Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles debuted way back in 1984. While the series has been rebooted, it’s never really gone away.

The premise? A quartet of turtles, exposed to the same radioactive isotopes that created comic book hero Daredevil, meet up with a wise sensei, who happens to be a rat, in the sewers of New York. They grow into pizza-loving crimefighters. The rat – Splinter – named them after Renaissance artists: Michaelangelo (a typo that stuck), Leonardo, Donatello, and Raphael.

That makes the name instantly familiar to a generation – and counting.


The baby name Raphael has ranked in the US Top 1000 every year since 1901, and most years before that.

But it’s never been common.

It rose in use in the late 1980s, into 1990 – suggesting that the turtles did encourage parents to consider the name. (Or maybe not. The very similar Gabriel entered the Top 100 in the 1970s. It’s not a stretch to discover Raphael from the similar-sounding Gabriel.)

The baby name Raphael now hovers in the 500s. That makes it familiar, but far from common.


And yet, in plenty of languages, the name is far more common.

Rafael – the Spanish spelling – outranks Raphael, and has for years. It’s been a Top 300 name since the 1960s, even reaching the Top 200 a few times.

That makes Rafael the logical brother name for Isabella and Sofia, a crossover that feels obviously Spanish, but easily worn in English.


Rafael shortens to Rafi and Rafa, but we also call Rafael and Raphael by another nickname: Rafe.

We also sometimes pronounce the German Ralph the same way. Think Ralph Fiennes. But the names have completely separate origins.

There’s also a similar Arabic name, Raef, again not linked to Raphael or Ralph.


Despite the name’s relatively rare status in the US, Raphael and Rafael are global citizens, names heard ’round the world.

It’s as romantic as Romeo, and yet Rafe makes Rafael as accessible as Gabriel and Gabe, or Michael and Mike.

If you’re hunting for something with a certain pan-European flair and a long history of use, the baby name Raphael is certainly one to consider.

First published on May 28, 2008, this post was updated on July 29, 2020.

About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

You May Also Like:

What do you think?


  1. My name is Rafael, and i grew up in a spanksh speaking household, so my “true” name is Rrrah-fa-eL in spanish. Somehow from that i started introducing myself as you indicated when i was meeting people in english on my own. People usually end up pronoucing it the traditional way even though i had stated it your way. But it doesnt make impact, and i happen to go by Rafa anyway, due to being a junior. Maybe thats why i reverse engineered Rah-fee-el when left to my own devices? Never considered it til now!

  2. My son is Rafael Victor and we nicknamed him “Rio” (long story but it’s in honor of my grandfather Sergio – combined “R” with “io” AND not sure how I missed it, but “RIO” is the last 3 letters of MY last name – haha!). When we were considering nicknames for Rafael, I wanted Rafa (Rafa Nadal, anyone?) but it didn’t really stick. How I wish I’d seen this site when I was naming my babies back in 2008!

  3. Thinking about this for a boy… Has anyone heard of the pronunciation RAY-fee-el? Would you still spell it Raphael? I prefer that pronunciation to Rah-fie-EL, and it’s easier to get Rafe from that.

  4. My son is Rafael and we call him Rafi 50% of the time. My husband was partial to the f spelling vs the ph. We love it’s cross cultural appeal and it’s romantic, yet masculine sound. In fact, we love it so much that we are having a very hard time coming up with another boys name to join Rafael and big sister Naima. We have tossed around Desmond, Simeon, Conrad? We just don’t love anything like we did Rafael.

    1. I am in exactly the same situation at the moment. I have a son named Rafael, Rafi for short, and we just can’t come up with something that we love as much. It’s really tricky!

  5. We considered Raphaella Bathsheba (Surname), for a little girl, despite it’s overly religious tones. The only reason we changed our minds was because Raphael in male or female form is quite predominant in Hispanic communities. People, upon hearing that it was a name we were considering, asked if we were Spanish/Hispanic, and we are not. So it lead to us changing our minds and scratching it off our list. I have to admit, it would be hard to imagine Raphaella on a Platinum hair and fair skinned child.