Emilia looks like a respelling of the wildly popular Amelia, but it’s so much more.
Our Baby Name of the Day was inspired by this post about rising names in 2018.
Emilia: Amelia’s Distant Cousin
Strictly speaking, Emilia – this spelling – comes from the Latin aemulus – rival. We know it as Emil and Emily.
Amelia claims a different origin: the Germanic amal, meaning work. It’s also spelled Amalia.
In English, we’ve conflated Emily and Amelia since at least the 1700s. That’s when George I, of the German House of Hanover, became King of England. His granddaughter, Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanor, became known as Emily in their family’s new home.
The names continue to tangle their roots. Amalia is pronounced differently in American English than Amelia. But Emilia? It sounds exactly like the latter.
Emilia: By the Numbers
From the 1880s into the 1940s, Emilia appeared in the US Top 1000 in relatively small numbers. Amelia nearly always ranked higher, as did Emma, Emily, Amy, and lots of other names with shared sounds.
It’s not clear if the names were understood as separate. We know that Emilia – this spelling – has notable uses, including:
- A minor character in Shakespeare’s Othello, companion to Desdemona.
- One of the narrators in Boccaccio’s The Decameron.
- A historic region in Italy, named for a famous Roman road; today it’s part of Emilia-Romagna, with Bologna as the capital.
- A plant in the sunflower family, also called tasselflower.
You’ll find the name in use across Europe, as well as South America. Notable women by the name might be Swedish or Slovak, Chilean or Finnish.
In fact, it’s been crossing cultural and linguistic barriers for centuries. Way back in 1569, a Venetian musician at the court of Queen Elizabeth I married an Englishwoman. They named their daughter Aemilia Bassano, and she became Emilia Lanier, the first Englishwoman to become a professional poet.
Despite all of this, the name had nearly disappeared in the US until the 1980s.
Emilia: 1980s Revival
What explains the name’s rediscovery? Credit goes to the rise of Emily, and later Emma. They opened the door for similar names to be considered. By the late 1980s, Emily had joined the Top 20, and Emma was marching towards the Top 100, and, of course, eventually the #1 spot.
Amelia shows signs of a comeback in the same era, though it lagged behind the Em- names.
Then along came an actor by the name. Emilia Clarke became a household name in 2011, as Daenerys Targaryen in HBO’s Game of Thrones. Even if you’ve never seen an episode, you almost certainly recognize the white-blonde hair character, who evolves from timid princess to warrior Mother of Dragons, and earns the title Khaleesi.
Parents took notice. We talk all the time about Khaleesi catching on for girls. But in the background? It’s the actor’s given name that has more than tripled in use, from 925 births in 2010 to over 3,000 in 2016.
Clarke’s not slowing down, either. She has a starring role in this month’s Solo: A Star Wars Story as Qi’Ra, Han’s childhood friend. She also starred in 2016’s Me Before You and has another movie coming out later in 2018, the thriller Above Suspicion.
Emilia: Amelia’s Rival
As of 2016, the name had reached #102 in the US. While that’s still comfortably behind the white-hot Amelia, there’s no question that this name rivals its sound-alike cousin. An alternative to any of the Em- names, with more history than some, it’s easy to imagine parents seizing on this name as similar, but just different enough.
And yet, all of the names are on the rise at the moment. So call this out on a playground, and your daughter may not be the only one.
Still, there’s one thing about this name’s meaning that might appeal to parents. Rival sounds rather intense, but some sites interpret it differently. Rather than the name meaning “rival” it could mean “to rival” as in “trying to equal; to excel.”
Emilia: Top 100
As of 2017, this name has cracked the US Top 100 – and Amelia is in the Top Ten. Some pronounce the names differently; but chances are that there may be some confusion between the two.
Some might prefer Emilia’s potential nicknames, like Emme. But there’s overlap between the two names’ nickname options, like Mia, Millie, and Lia.
Overall, it’s a name that feels like as sophisticated as Sophia, as current as Emma, and as romantic as Isabella. No surprise that it’s entered the US Top 100. The only question is how high it might climb.
What do you think of Emilia? Do you prefer it to Amelia?