baby name EmiliaThe baby name Emilia has been among the fastest rising names in recent years.

With history galore, a stylish sound, and a famous actor to boost it, no surprise we’re hearing more and more of this on-trend name.


Strictly speaking, the baby name Emilia – this spelling – comes from the Latin aemulus – rival. We know it as Emil and Emily.

Amelia claims a different origin: the Germanic amal, meaning work. It’s also spelled Amalia.

In English, we’ve conflated Emily and Amelia since at least the 1700s. That’s when George I, of the German House of Hanover, became King of England. His granddaughter, Princess Amelia Sophia Eleanor, became known as Emily in their family’s new home.

The names continue to tangle their roots. Amalia is pronounced differently in American English than Amelia. But Emilia? It sounds exactly like the latter.


From the 1880s into the 1940s, the baby name Emilia appeared in the US Top 1000 in relatively small numbers. Amelia nearly always ranked higher, as did Emma, Emily, Amy, and lots of other names with shared sounds.

It’s not clear if the names were understood as separate. We know that Emilia – this spelling – has notable uses, including:

  • A minor character in Shakespeare’s Othello, companion to Desdemona.
  • One of the narrators in Boccaccio’s The Decameron.
  • A historic region in Italy, named for a famous Roman road; today it’s part of Emilia-Romagna, with Bologna as the capital.
  • A plant in the sunflower family, also called tasselflower.

You’ll find the name in use across Europe, as well as South America. Notable women by the name might be Swedish or Slovak, Chilean or Finnish.

In fact, it’s been crossing cultural and linguistic barriers for centuries. Way back in 1569, a Venetian musician at the court of Queen Elizabeth I married an Englishwoman. They named their daughter Aemilia Bassano, and she became Emilia Lanier, the first Englishwoman to become a professional poet.

Despite all of this, the name had nearly disappeared in the US until the 1980s.


What explains the baby name Emilia’s rediscovery? Credit goes to the rise of Emily, and later Emma. They opened the door for similar names to be considered. By the late 1980s, Emily had joined the Top 20, and Emma was marching towards the Top 100, and, of course, eventually the #1 spot.

Amelia shows signs of a comeback in the same era, though it lagged behind the Em- names.

Girls’ names ending with -lia have become a sensation in recent years. Factor in the -ias, and they’re among the most dominant sounds of our age.


Then along came an actor by the name. Emilia Clarke became a household name in 2011, as Daenerys Targaryen in HBO’s Game of Thrones. Even if you’ve never seen an episode, you almost certainly recognize the white-blonde hair character, who evolves from timid princess to warrior Mother of Dragons, and earns the title Khaleesi.

Parents took notice. We talk all the time about Khaleesi catching on for girls. But in the background? It’s the actor’s given name that has more than tripled in use, from 925 births in 2010 to over 3,000 in 2016 and over 4,000 by 2018.

Clarke’s not slowing down, either. From Solo: A Star Wars Story and Me Before You to Last Christmas and the upcoming Murder Manual, she’s frequently seen on the silver screen.


While the baby name Emilia lags behind the white-hot Amelia, that could change. Emilia entered the US Top 100 in 2017, and reached #58 in 2018.

No question that the baby name Emilia rivals its sound-alike cousin. An alternative to any of the Em- names, with more history than some, it’s easy to imagine parents seizing on this name as similar, but just different enough.

And yet, lots of similar names are on the rise at the moment. So call this out on a playground, and your daughter may not be the only one to answer.

Still, there’s one thing about Emilia that might especially appeal to parents. Rival sounds rather intense, but some sites interpret it differently. Rather than the name meaning “rival” it could mean “to rival” as in “trying to equal; to excel.”


Amelia ranks in the Top Ten. Could Emilia reach such heights, too? Maybe. Some pronounce the names differently; others see Emilia as a fresh spelling alternative.

While both share nickname options, like Mia, Millie, and Lia, Emilia also opens the door to Emme.

Overall, it’s a name that feels like as sophisticated as Sophia, as current as Emma, and as romantic as Isabella. No surprise that it’s entered the US Top 100. The only question is how high it might climb.

What do you think of the baby name Emilia? Do you prefer it to Amelia?

First published on May 16, 2018, this post was revised and re-posted on June 2, 2020.

About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

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What do you think?


  1. English actress Emilia Fox surely contributed to the rise of Emilia. I say eh-mil-ee-uh

  2. I pronounce Emilia em-me-lee-ah
    and Amelia uh-meel-ya
    Two different names for sure, both lovely!!
    While I love the wind swept image of Amelia Earhart and the strong lady feeling there, Emilia looks and feels so pretty (and nn Em, Emmie, Millie, and Lia don’t hurt either). But Amelia has cute nns too (mia and Millie or maybe even Amy)… hmmm, over all I’d classify them in the “really hard to choose which one I like better” category. Haha!

  3. I don’t pronounce Amelia and Emilia the same either. The former is uh-mee-lee-uh and the latter is eh-mill-ee-uh (like Emily with an a on the end basically). They are so different to me, so I have a hard time understanding why people confuse them. Both are beautiful, but I much prefer Emilia. It is so soft and elegant. I just love it! Definitely one of my favorite names ever.

  4. I dont pronounce Amelia and Emilia the say. The latter is “em-ee-lia”. Just like the first syllable of Emma or Emily. Amelia is “uh-mee-lia”

    1. We had a white-hot debate about this one on Facebook last week! It definitely depends. In my head, if I *think* about it, they sound slightly different. But in conversation, I think it’s tough to hear the distinction unless you’re listening for it. Though a few readers mentioned that outside of the US, the differences are more pronounced, and even within the US, it sounds like regional accents make a difference, too.

      1. I agree with Appalachian Mountain on the pronunciation issue. Where I am, I don’t think I’ve ever heard the 4 syllable pronunciation of Emilia some describe, and had a hard time figuring out how to say it in 4 syllables. The way they are said here, there are subtle differences to their pronunciation I can hear in quiet conversation, but yelled across the playground, or said in a childish lisp, those differences would be lost. I think the difference is more subtle than between Amy and Emmy, and I know from personal experience it’s hard to tell those apart when shouted or said by a small child.

  5. Yay! So happy to see Emilia featured as NOTD! While I absolutely love the brave and fierce spirit that Amelia brings to mind thanks to my personal heroine Amelia Earhart, I think I would still choose Emilia if I had to choose between the two. I think Emilia just looks and sounds prettier than Amelia and I love the nickname offerings of sweet Emmy or sassy Mila. My biggest reservation with using Emilia would be the fact that she would almost constantly be misspelled and mispronounced as red hot Amelia (I pronouce them differently; Em-ee-lee-a vs Ah-meel-ya). I have a name that is frequently mistaken for other sound alike names and it can be frustrating. Similar to Zara (another personal fave), Emilia could be a good choice for parents looking to bridge two cultures. Even though it can be nerve wracking to see a favorite name zoom up the charts, maybe it wouldn’t be so bad for Emilia as it may help people differentiate between her and Amelia and alleviate some of the misspelling and mispronounciation issues. Or maybe that’s just wishful thinking!