Canaan: Baby Name of the DayCanaan owes a surge in usage to none other than Oprah Winfrey.

Debuts and returns week continues with this Biblical Baby Name of the Day.

Canaan: Genesis and Beyond

The Land of Canaan likely existed  before the Old Testament was written. That dates it to the second millennium BC – or maybe earlier.

The exact location is fuzzy, because the name referred to different places with shifting borders over the years. Coins from Phoenicia bore the name around a relatively recent 500 BC. A colony of the New Kingdom of Egypt was called Canaan back in the sixteenth century BC.

Let’s just say this name qualifies as seriously old school.

Canaan: Meaning

Ancient names are often hard to unpack. Some sources give the meaning as lowlands. Others say it means subjugated.

An appealing theory links it to the color purple. In Babylon, the Kassites produced purple day as early as 1600 BC. The Phoenicians created a similar dye in the same era. It’s possible that the place name came from one of the words or locations associated with purple dye – and yet, most dismiss this as fanciful invention.

Canaan: From Place Name to Personal Name

In the Book of Genesis, Canaan is Noah’s grandson, by his son Ham. If you know your Old Testament, you might hear these names and immediately think of the Curse of Ham, actually a curse visited on Ham’s son.

The details of the curse – and why Canaan was punished for Ham’s transgression – are the subject of much theological debate. In centuries past, some cited the curse as justification for slavery. Thankfully, those days are over.

It may explain why parents seem to have avoided this Biblical name, even as other obscurities saw use. Canaan was first given to more than five boys in 1973, in contrast to Obadiah (first recorded in 1914), Zebulon (1891), or Jubal (1956).

Searching the 1940 US Census confirmed the name’s rarity. I confirmed just five uses as a given name.

Canaan: Oprah

Parents appreciate two-syllable, ends-in-n names for boys. The long ‘a’ sound has been stylish, in names like Mason and Aidan. Factor in the name’s Biblical status, and it comes as no surprise that Canaan was already gaining. 93 boys received the name in 2000. By 2014, that number soared to 179.

Nashville songwriter Canaan Smith competed on The Amazing Race in 2009, contributing to the name’s rise.

But the name really took off in 2015, reaching a new high of 283 births, enough to crack the Top 1000. The name debuted at #806.

Could it be thanks to one mention in a speech in Melbourne?

Oprah Winfrey, the wildly influential and beloved media mogul, told an audience about her difficult childhood. Abuse led to pregnancy at the age of fourteen, and a miscarriage. Many years, Oprah chose to name her son Canaan.

While her loss was in the past, her name choice was recent, and fits with current trends. That makes sense.

Oprah told her audience that the name means “new land, new life.”

That’s half right. Canaan might not mean new land, but it symbolizes those things. After all, it’s fairly common as part of church names, and in Exodus, Canaan is the promised land. The Israelites begin conquering the new territory with the Battle of Jericho, and Jericho has also rose as a given name in recent years.

Oprah’s speech came in early December, but it’s impossible to access national data on newborn names and birth dates. (This clever tool pairs another data source to draw some conclusions – but only for names popular decades earlier.)

Parents searching for a meaningful boy’s name both ancient and stylish should add this one to their lists.

Would this name have cracked the Top 1000 even without Oprah’s remarks?

About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

You May Also Like:

What do you think?


  1. I had a son already and I prayed God would bless me with a red headed, blue eyed baby girl, my promise baby. My prayers we’re answered in 1992 when Canaan Ashley born. I first heard the name about 10 years earlier when I met a former basketball player who had a beautiful little girl named Canaan.

  2. My son is now soon to be 20. And I choose the name the minute I found out we were having a baby. John Canaan. Meaning the beloved promise land. He was a promise from God. We prayed 8 years for him.

    1. That’s lovely, Sheila – what a handsome name! Thank you for sharing your story.

  3. I have loved the name Canaan for years. When I met my husband we discussed baby names and I said I wanted Canaan for a boy. He agreed, but he wanted Kanaan since our last name starts with a K. So our son is Kanaan Lee, he just turned 3. I wish we had stuck with the C instead of K because it gets mispronounced so often, I think people would have a better time with it if we used the original spelling. Our Daughter is Eden Hope and I also love Zion if we ever have another boy. We have a Bible place name theme going. I had no idea about Oprah until I just read this article today.

  4. I’m thinking that the Oprah’s Book Club Book “Rapture of Canaan” might have contributed to the rise in popularity in 2000. The teen protagonist gives birth to a son she names Canaan. I remember reading this book and thinking that the name was perfect. The book was published in 1997