The baby name Agatha feels equal parts rare and familiar.
Thanks to Lola for suggesting our Baby Name of the Day.
GOOD SAINT AGATHA
The baby name Agatha comes from the Greek agathos, meaning good.
Back in the 200s, the well-born Agatha converted to Christianity and planned a celibate life. Instead, a frustrated suitor had her arrested and tortured when she wouldn’t change her plans – or deny her faith, even when it resulted in her death.
She’s been venerated as a saint ever. In fact, Agatha was among the most revered of saints in the Middle Ages.
That means the baby name Agatha occurs in nearly every European language, though many of them drop the ‘th’ for a ‘t’ – Agata.
Since Saint Agatha was popular during the Middle Ages, the baby name Agatha likely followed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources confirms this – but it’s not terribly common, at least not in the eleventh century.
Because the 1000s is where we meet one endlessly intriguing medieval Agatha.
Back in 1016, Canute of Denmark routed the armies of King Edward II and took over England. Edward’s young son, also named Edward, was sent off to be murdered but instead ended up living in Kiev and Hungary. Known as Edward the Exile, he eventually became the official heir to the English throne – but met his end before he could be crowned.
Somewhere along the way, he married Agatha. Historians can’t confirm her parents or her place of birth. But her relatively unusual name suggests that she might’ve been from Hungary, Kiev, Bulgaria, or a German kingdom. She named her daughters Margaret and Cristina, also unusual names for England at that time.
It’s also said that William the Conqueror named one of his many children Agatha. She would’ve been born around the 1057 death of Edward the Exile, but before the Norman invasion in 1066. The princess died young, and few mentions of her survive.
In later centuries, a handful of high born women answer to the name. There’s a Russian royal in the thirteenth century, and a German princess born in the late 1800s.
BY THE NUMBERS
Fast-forward to the year 1880, when the US first records popularity data for given names.
The baby name Agatha appears in the Top 1000 every year through 1941. (And it peaks it again briefly just once, in 1945.)
But this name has been in serious decline ever since. Since the 1930s, there’s only a single year when more than 100 baby Agathas were born.
And yet, it marks a plateau, too. Because the name has never really dropped off the radar, either. Even at the name’s lowest usage point, in the mid-90s, just over a dozen girls were still given the name every year.
Unlike many relatively uncommon names, everyone recognizes the baby name Agatha.
One reason: mystery writer Agatha Christie.
Born in 1890, her first published novel came in 1920. The Mysterious Affair at Styles introduced the world to detective Hercule Poirot, and launched a career that is still inspiring adaptations and imitators a century later.
Her life even included a mystery: in 1926, with her marriage on the rocks, Christie briefly disappeared. It made headlines around the world. No complete explanation has ever been given – by Christie or her biographers – for the eleven missing days. But we continue to wonder, in movies and books, including the recent bestseller The Mystery of Mrs. Christie.
Overall, though, we simply remember Agatha Christie as the best-selling fiction writer of all-time, a master of the mystery. And Then There Were None remains one of the highest-selling books of all time, and The Mousetrap holds the record for longest initial run of any play.
AUNT AGATHA and MISS HANNIGAN
The most famous real-life Agatha makes a worthy namesake, but the fictional Agathas? They are a challenging lot.
Aunt Agatha come to mind. She’s Bertie Wooster’s domineering aunt in PG Wodehouse’s Jeeves and Wooster series. But she’s relatively mild compared to the others.
It’s the given name of Annie’s awful orphanage director, Miss Hannigan. And Agatha Trunchbull bedevils schoolchildren in Roald Dahl’s Matilda.
On a brighter note, Poldark’s Aunt Agatha is fierce and insightful character.
And Rainbow Rowell’s novel Carry On gives us a young and beautiful Agatha – though she’s a witch at a Hogwarts-like academy. Which brings us to the most famous Agatha of 2021.
WandaVision fans have another association for the name: Agatha Harkness.
If you know your Marvel Universe, you might see Agatha as a benevolent mentor to the Scarlet Witch. She’s even heroic at times. Her bio makes her one of the witches tried at Salem way back in the 1600s. She’s been casting spells ever since.
But WandaVision gives us Agatha Harkness as a villain, so that’s possibly a strike against the name. Though the series is still very new … and anything can happen in the MCU.
But at least one quality sets Agatha apart: Aggie. If we’ve embraced Abby and Maggie for our daughters, then Aggie tracks.
If we’ve revived Hazel and Edith and Flora, is Agatha really off-limits? It could be the perfect familiar rarity to give to a daughter now.
Do you think the baby name Agatha is ready for revival?
First published on February 25, 2009, this post was revised and re-published on March 10, 2021.
Agatha is an old favorite of mine. It’s one of those names where it’s like my love for it has smoothed it down like a river rock, and I keep it in my pocket, sometimes forgotten, and yet when it gets pulled out it is greeted with fondness and delight. Agatha is such a dignified, solid names with a wonderful meaning.
Aggie is cute, Agatha undecided.
Sunday Rose says
Oh, I love Agatha!
What a pleasure to see her here. Thank you!
I was so excited to read this!!! If this baby is a girl she will be Agatha. I adore this name and can easily picture a sweet little faced girl answering to it. *swoon*
At the risk if being brutal, it reminds me of the lochnesse monster……
It’s just not very appealing to me; I don’t really like names with harsh sounds
Mmm.. I do like Agatha! Her cool old-lady feel attracts me the same way Iris did (and many others I’m fond of like Alice, Clara, Beatrix, Ada, Maeve and Florence!). I love that she’s regal, but not showy, and harsh but not too stern
She’s about on equal par with Agnes for me. I’d happily squeeze euther of them into the middle name spot, but probably wouldn’t use her up front, because my other kids have slightly lighter sounds, to my ears!
Charlotte Vera says
“Did you ever see the made-for-TV episodes with Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry? Wodehouse was a great namer.”
Most definitely. I still rent them on occasion from the library. And I *love* Wodehouse’s brilliant name choices! Having grown up both on his works and the works of Agatha Christie herself, I was quite fond of the name Hermione (which they both use on more than one occasion) prior to the onslaught of Harry Potter. Now, sadly, the name has been ruined by HP’s popularity and I’ll never be able to use it.
One name, utilised by Wodehouse, that I shall never be able to disassociate from his use, and therefore never be able to use, is “Eulalie” — have you read the book that the name features in? It’s brilliant.
Emmy Jo says
Agatha is pretty, but I’m head-over-heels for Agnes right now.
I agree with Kate
Swoon! Agatha ticks all my boxes, she’s got a wicked old-lady cool vibe and I totally agree with Lola’s description of her as stern but pretty, that’s exactly how I feel about her. Actually, I can’t decide which I like better – Agatha or Agnes, it used to be Agnes by a mile but Agatha is creeping up there…
LOL, Charlotte! That’s it! I *love* Bertie Wooster and his aunts! I couldn’t figure out how to work her in, so I hoped someone would see it. 🙂 Did you ever see the made-for-TV episodes with Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry? Wodehouse was a great namer.
Lola, I love Aggie as a nickname. And I’m so interested in the mysterious royal Agatha. It sort of links Josephine and Agatha, too – they would both have names that royal women brought into fashion.
Christina Fonseca says
Speaking of Great-Aunts, I have one too – she has the Spanish version, Agueda (AH-geh-dah)
Charlotte Vera says
Ok, this is going to be rather random:
I rather like Agatha, although I don’t know that I’d ever use it personally. I once listened to a radio program where someone talked about “everybody’s Aunt Agatha”, saying that everybody has some kind of aunt named Agatha. And to be honest, I do have a great-aunt Agatha, but I still like the name (it was also my beloved grandmother’s middle name).
In P.G. Wodehouse’s Jeeves and Wooster chronicles Aunt Agatha is the aunt who “chews broken bottles and kills rats with her teeth”.
I’ve heard Agatha pronounced two different ways: “AEG-uh-thuh” and “a-GAH-thuh” (excuse my poor transliteration).
I’ve really been loving Agatha lately, and have a few thoughts for combos that I won’t bore you with. 🙂
Agatha is so strong & pretty, I love her feel, rich heavy satin. I like how stern she sounds but her looks are light and breezy. She does seem as though she should be preceeded by “Princess”, doesn’t she? So regal! Thanks so much for doing Agatha for me, she’s definitely got potential for us, even if no one else likes her much!