The baby name Clementine drips with vintage charm.
Thanks to Elisabeth and Zoe for suggesting today’s Baby Name of the Day.
In the early days of Christianity, several early church leaders took the name Clement, including Pope St. Clement I. It may be derived from a family name – St. Clement of Alexandria, for example, was born Titus Flavius Clemens.
Clement comes from the Latin for mild or gentle.
Early feminine forms ranged from Clementia to Clemencia to Clemence. All of the Clem- names fell out of of favor during the Reformation, but Clement made a comeback in the nineteenth century. The baby name Clementine emerged as the preferred English feminine form around the same time.
The nineteenth century gives us two princesses by the name.
First was Princess Clementine of Orleans, born to Louis-Phillipe, King of the French, in 1817.
Then there’s Princess Clementine of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, born in 1872. Clementine married Prince Victor Napoleon in 1910. Had history turned out differently, she might have become Empress of France. The romance between the princess and the pretender to the throne was widely reported.
Aristocratic Clementines follow, but the name hasn’t been used much in royal circles in more recent years.
OH MY DARLING
In the 1880s, in the American West, Percy Montrose penned the lyrics to Oh My Darling, Clementine, a mournful ballad about a lovely girl who meets a sorry fate. Odds are you know the refrain; it’s been a staple ever since.
It’s not the last time Clementine would feature in a song title. Bobby Darin recorded “Clementine” in 1960. It’s awfully mean-spirited by today’s standards. But then there’s Halsey’s quirky and fierce “Clementine” from 2019 … but we’ll come back to that song.
What we know is this: in 1880, the first year for which Social Security data are available, the baby name Clementine ranked in the Top 400 most popular names for girls born in the US – not Mary, but more popular than Ava or Abigail by 1880 standards.
Plenty of influences led to Montrose’s song. Maybe one of those includes the reason for the name, or maybe it was simply a reasonable choice for the era.
All of this – the popes, the princesses, the “Oh my Darling” lyrics – predate a familiar use of Clementine.
That would be the citrus fruit.
After all, we’re still talking about Gwyneth Paltrow’s decision to name her daughter Apple.
In 1902, Brother Clement Rodier discovered a hybrid fruit growing the gardens of his orphanage in Algeria, then a French colony. The new fruit was part sweet orange, part mandarin.
Rodier dubbed the new fruit a clementine, and a few years later they made their way to the US.
While the name’s status as a snack might detract for some, it’s worth noting that we routinely name our children Olive and Sage, too.
Clementine Churchill, wife to British prime minister Winston, was born well before the citrus fruit became widely known, in 1885.
Born to an aristocratic family, Clementine Ogilvy Hozier married Winston in 1908. She was known for her leadership in the Red Cross and YWCA during the wars, and as a steadfast and loyal partner to her husband.
She’s also the best-known Clementine of the twentieth century.
By the 1950s, this name had exited the US Top 1000.
From the 1960s into the early 2000s, the name hovered on the edge of extinction.
So what changed?
Kate Winslet played Clementine in 2004’s Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.
The sci fi romance was lauded by critics, and earned Winslet a Best Actress Oscar nomination. It’s often mentioned on best-of lists, and cited by the others as influential. Halsey’s song “Clementine” is a nod to Kate Winslet’s character.
No surprise there’s a tiny bump in the name’s use, from 19 births in 2003 to 59 by 2005.
Celebrities embraced the baby name Clementine in the following years. Claudia Schiffer was among the first; Ethan Hawke also welcomed a daughter by the name in the years after the movie’s release.
By 2014, the name had returned to the US Top 1000. It ranked #685 as of the 2018.
And why not? Clementine remains ripe for revival – sweet and slightly old-fashioned, worn by princesses and historical figures, with a great meaning, too. The baby name Clementine boasts a ready-made lullaby and color palette. It’s a name with depth, character, and charm.
Would you consider Clementine for a daughter?
Originally published on May 19, 2008, this post was revised on March 11, 2013 and again on June 17, 2020.
Image by Jill Wellington from Pixabay
Markie M says
My daughter is named Clementine Elizabeth. Everyone pronounces it the American way, like the fruit. I call her Clementina. She has so many nicknames. It is a unique name for a unique little girl. I fell in love with the name before I knew I was having children. I just so happened to get my girl. My husband’s family hated the name, he and they didn’t have a say. Now they love it. I’ve never heard of Cleo and Minnie as nicknames for Clementine. Family calls her Tiny, Clem, Bummers and Sunshine. I don’t think, at all, that it has a hipster vibe to it. It is a classic, unique name that isn’t usually picked because it takes some balls to name your child such a weighted name.
My daughter born in July 2012 is Clémentine Nico.
We’re french speakers so we pronounce it, à la française : Clé-men-teen and her nickname is Clem. She’s been call Clemen-TYNE in the US (I hate this pronounciation it’s so harsh, brrr) and Clemen-TINA in Mexico (quite cute, it’s closer to the french pronounciation)
It was my great-grandmother’s name and I’ve being in love with the name since I heard it years ago when I was a little girl : )
We will be trying for another baby during the next year, if it’s a girl she’ll probably be Saskia and we quite like Lucien or Owen for a boy, we think they ”fit” well with Clémentine! : )
Ditto ‘M’ above — I highly dislike the sound of Clementine. I remember learning the song at school in the second grade, complete with horribly exaggerated Southern accents [we didn’t have actual Southern accents ourselves]. All I think of when I hear/see the name is unwashed, barefoot, hick children hollering after each other in a dirt patch. :-/
I’ve always liked Clementine. I love the song, and there’s a movie based on the song you know, an old black and white western. I remember it because there’s an episode of MASH where they are watching Oh My Darling Clementine. The song is rather silly and pokes fun at Clementine but the movie is a more romantic/tragic take on the song.
I like either pronunciation, but I say it rhyming with ‘line’. I don’t know that I like it enough more than other names to use it though. I do love the virtue quality, but I actually like Mercy as a name more. I think this name could rise quite a bit in popularity. I wouldn’t be surprised if it makes it onto the top 1000 finally. Someone mentioned Eliza Clementine, but I think I would like Ella Clementine more. Maybe Lila Clementine? Another possible nickname would be Cutie (there’s a brand of clementines called this). I like just Clem or Clemmy though (as well as some of the other suggestions.
I love Clementine. It’s a longtime favorite.
Princess Clementine wasn’t just a Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, but also the daughter of the King of Belgium!
I wanted to add a nickname for Clementine. My great aunt was named Clementine and was alsways called Nine-Nine. I’m not sure why she was called this but I love it!
49er 49er and his daughter Clementine
heather gossman says
I have a three year old named Clementine Skye and it suits her perfectly! She is funny and sweet and strong-willed. We call her Clem, Clemmie or sometimes Clemmers. Everyone we meet loves her name and on more than one occasion someone has said “I really wanted to name my daughter Clementine but my husband/wife wasn’t sold on it”…Our Clemmie was almost an Ava, another beautiful name but it really wasn’t strong enough to carry our little ladies personality!
Clementine Ava would be adorable though.
I have a 2 1/2 year old named Clementine, and I absolutely love the name. My maiden name was Clemens, so there was a family connection for me. We do not know any other Clementines. Funny – I never felt a hipster connection because of all the other connections to history and the world.
A beautiful name for a beautiful girl! We call her Clem and Tine but mostly Clem.
Clementine is (excuse the pun) just darling! There’s an old-fashioned sweetness to her that I think the type of parents who also love Eliza and Ivy, for example, would be attracted to.
The fruit are just sold here as mandarins, so we don’t have any food issues with the name. Little wonder she’s back in fashion.
I love Cleo but dislike the shortness of it. I wish mightily I was Cleo instead of Lola. I’ve wanted to be Cleo since I was a tiny tot. Clementine nn Cleo has been a favorite of mine for years, because of her Cleo potential. 😀
I love the freshness of Clementine and her length & style. If only He didn’t do “Huckleberry Hound” every time I bring her up. I’m keeping Clementine/Cleo on my ‘in case’ list, but I’m not holding my breath.
Clementine is one of those names filed under “I would use this in a heartbeat if my husband didn’t have a say.” Cleo and Minnie are fabulous nicknames, and I love the reference to the fruit.
Sarah A says
I love Clementine! Love, love, love it. I normally wouldn’t go for something with such a strong hipster vibe, but the virtue aspect of Clementine saves it. She’s a fruit, a song, a royal, a virtue, and is spunky with great nicknames (Clea, Cleo, Minnie, Teeny, Tiny, etc.). Thumbs up for Clementine!
If we didn’t have Moses at the top of our list, my favorite combo with Clementine is Zipporah Clementine Elaine. I love Clemency too, but I’m not in love with -ee endings on girl names. Clement on a boy makes me swoon but the pronunciation trips me up too much to use it on a real kid.
The nickname Tiny pretty much puts this name on my list, that and the fact that my husband loves Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.
My name nerd credentials are in serious jeopardy every time I say this, but I hate Clementine. It’s over the top and ridiculous to me, not to mention an eye-roll worthy level of hipster, especially when the last syllable rhymes with “mine” rather than “mean.” Perhaps I’m just not classy enough. But Clementine does have a massive fan base among certain groups and it’s better than Nevaeh, so to each his own.
I had to share your comment with my sister. .she hated and made fun of the name clementine the second I told her that was what I was naming my daughter. ..shortly after clementine was born I saw this n showed my sister right away, too bad I was on speaker n my niece nevaeh overheard…she never bashed the name again! Lol
This has become my favorite name over the past few years. I love everything about it.
Abby, there is a feisty Clementine in the film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, played by Kate Winslet. That increases the appeal for me, otherwise it seems like one of those manic pixie-dream girl names. I like it, though! Feminine but not frilly, and definitely unusual. The nickname Cleo is awesome too.
I’ve been in love with this name for a while but only just started seriously considering it for a future girl. I don’t like many of the nicknames for it because I really love the full name but I’m thinking with young kids, we’d had to come up with something easier. Do you think Minnie is too far off? I can’t help but smile when I picture myself introducing my daughters, Bay and Clementine. Too cute!
I love Minnie as a nickname for this!
That’s a great idea!
Thanks Sarah A.! I appreciate the time it took to not only find my comment but also the time it took to post a reply. Now to show this to Him! 😀
Sarah A says
No problem Lola, that’s why I love the ‘most recent comments’ part of this site. It ensures that even if you post about an older NotD, people can still easily find it. Good luck convincing your hubby about Clementine, it really is a beautiful name that manages to be both familiar but rare.
Someone at Nameberry mentioned yesterday that you covered Clementine. I thought I’d read this already & commented. Surprise, I hadn’t commented. Considering Clementine’s been on my list for 3 years, it’s been a love for a long while. My boys were boy scouts for about 8 years (maybe 9, I forget) and I asked both of them to sing “Clementine” for me the other day. Neither could get past the first verse!
Clementine’s rising in my estimation, she’s pretty, doesn’t rhyme with Josephine (-FEEN, -TYNE), but looks absolutely perfect next to her. I’m a real weirdo, I practice writing my kids names out like I was signing Christmas cards. No, I don’t sign Leo & Simon’s name to our cards since they officially moved out two years ago. They can send their own cards!
But I digress. Clementine is sweet, pretty and a bit of a standout sound among the other popular names of today. I utterly love her and would name a girl Clementine if I had one. (don’t know yet, don’t know if I want to know yet!) I just have to sell Him on her. Since Josie likes Clementine, I’m going to have her work on Papa!
Clementine’s aces! I’d nn ours Cleo: CLE+ the O of nickname names, like Steve-o, which is something my brother gets fairly often. Does anyone think Cleo’s too big a stretch from Clementine? Or maybe Clea? Ooh, Clea’s pretty! I could use both, interchangably in case Leo comes home to visit! 😀
Sarah A says
Lola, I absolutely LOVE Clementine and I think Clementine and Josephine sound wonderful together for sisters! Josie and Cleo/a are lovely 🙂 And I wouldn’t worry about Cleo and Leo rhyming since as you’ve mentioned Leo’s moved out. Congrats!
it might be fun that Cleo and Leo rhyme or are so similar. I think either that or Clea make nice nicknames for Clementine.
I don’t mind popularity as long as it isn’t top 10 or dated (though top 10 doesn’t bother me much for boys, just girls). Dexter is one of the few uncommon boy names I love… the rest pretty much stay on my GP list. Eliza, on the other hand, is on of the more popular girl names that I like. My other faves are Gwendolen, Cassia, Sabrina, Veronica, Aurelia, Jessamine, Imogen (which I’m sure is on the rise), and Cordelia (also probably on the rise). Those are just the first names, though. I don’t really seek out uncommon names, but I like to find underused gems (in my opinion, at least) like Cassia or Aurelia. These names seem perfectly suitable for today, will probably age well enough, and have a nickname or two that I’m partial to. I’d like to think there is a way to find a middle ground between overpopular names and entirely obscure ones.
Anyway, sorry for the rant. I’m a tad obsessed with names at the moment, and I’m finally gotten my official list to a reasonable length. 🙂 Thanks for your help, I love talking to other people who share my passion. 🙂
Great list! Cassia does seem like she’d really stand out today, but in a good way. Cordelia is on the rise, but she’s yet to break into the Top 1000, so she’s still far more rare than Veronica – another name I love.
Aly had a classmate named Avery (a boy!) with a little sister called Sabrina. I love that sibset.
I’m less sure of Aurelia – with Aurora, Adrianna, Ariana and company on the rise, I wonder if she’ll blend in. And Jessamine – gorgeous Jessamine, doomed to be misunderstood as Jasmine/Jasmyn/Jazzmyn. Except I still love Jessamine.
No need to apologize. That’s why I’m here. 🙂
I’m so glad you approve! Avery and Sabrina are wonderful together, I just fear the possibility of gender confusing for boys, so I tend to stick to names that aren’t likely to be used on girls, like William, Anthony, Garrett, Alec, Joshua, Zachary, Arthur, Matthew, Nathaniel, Dean, Marcus, Dominic, etc. I really don’t like boy names on girls, it just seems to make the pool of nice, masculine boy names smaller (like Elliot, which seems to be a rising girl choice). Some of the more feminine, widely used ones are fine (like Ashley, Kelly, or Leslie), but Ryan, Noah, and Jasper? Really? I guess I just can’t see them on a girl.
I’m excited to see you love Veronica, I don’t think she’s really back in style yet based on the feedback I’ve gotten. Such a pretty, spunky name. The meaning is fabulous, too, and it was one of the reasons I paired it as Veronica Lenore was their meanings. “True image/light.” 🙂
I can see how Aurelia might get confused. I like it a lot as a first name (I think Auri would be a pretty nn), but I must admit I only have it paired as Juliet Aurelia. Juliet will probably blend in with the Julie/Julia/Juliana crowd, though. I really don’t mind. Ah, Jessamine is beautiful, isn’t she? I like Jasmine, too, but I’ve seen it used to much as a stage name. I have Jessamine paired as Jessamine Lilith. Lilith is another really gorgeous (though likely to be misunderstood) name that I love. Plus, the history/meaning is a tad bit scary. Still, I think it is tons more interesting than simple Lily. I’m probably alone in thinking that.
Sorry, ranted again. 😮
I’m with you two on Veronica. She’s been growing on me. I think there’s a rather awesome saint named Veronica?? Can’t remember for sure. Juliet Aurelia is fabulous. If you wanted Julia you could do Julia Aurelie. I like both Jessamine and Jasmine, and not one more than the other. I feel like with Jasmine, part of it is how you spell it and part of it is how it’s paired. One way it’s just boring like all the other Jasmines, another way, it’s pretty fabulous. Jasmine Sabrina? Jasmine Veronica? versus Miley Jazmyn or Jazzmin Reese.
Clementine is new on my list, and honestly I’m not sure of it. I currently have it paired with my favorite name of all time, Eliza. Hmmm. Eliza Clementine. I think it sounds nice, but I’d like to avoid tryndynys so I’m a bit worried. Sorry for blathering, Eliza has just been so very stubborn of late.
I do love Eliza Clementine. I know quite a few little Elizas, but I don’t think it can be called tryndy. Fashionable, yes. But enduring.
I’ve never met an Eliza, probably one of the reasons I like it so much. I’m glad you like it and think it is fashionable. I hope neither name rises in popularity any time soon. May I ask a question? Do you think my favorite names, Eliza Clementine and Dexter Benjamin mesh well?
I think they do. Eliza and Dexter both have the same retro-spunky feel. Plus, Eliza has her “z” and Dexter his “x” – along with v, three letters that make names seem vibrant and fit for the 21st century. But as for whether they’ll be gaining in popularity? I suspect both will – though whether they’ll be so popular to bother you, that’s hard to say.
Fewer children receive the most popular names today, but I’ve always found that there are certain names that dominate among friends and family. We know more boys called Max and Theodore, and more girls called Esme and Eleni than you’d expect. And someone just pointed out today that there are LOTS of Fin- names in my neighborhood. I know two Finns, plus two Fin- names, one for a girl and the other a boy … so there’s always the chance of a name that is only ranked #200 nationally being #10 in your world!
But if you love a name? Then I think you’ll probably overlook the popularity issue and just enjoy how many friends wish they’d thought of the names first!
I think this name’s quite interesting. Do you pronounce it ClemenTINE (long i) like the song or Clementeen… I think that is how they say it in England and I like that better. Or Clementina.
As Rick said at the end of Casablanca, “Louis, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship.”
Yeah! We’re starting a baby name circuit. Thanks for the link.
P.S. And I’ve always liked Clementine, but I was amazed at the history I unearthed.
Great site, Elisabeth! And I’m flattered to be on your blogroll – I’m adding your shiny new site to mine, too. Um … as soon as I figure out how to get one. 🙂
You may have officially sold me on Clementine. Well done! Her pedigree is much more aristocratic than I’d thought, and what an interesting journey she’s been on! Thank you for addressing this name. I am hearing Clementine pop up on more and more lists, and I think it will brew for a little while amongst creative urbanites and then balloon.
Come see my new name blog: youcantcallitit.com I’ve wanted to do something like this for eons, so thanks for helping to inspire with appellationmountain. You’ll see yourself linked if you scroll down. 😉
~Elisabeth, from You Can’t Call It “It”!