The baby name Etta feels retro and sparky, brief and complete.

Thanks to Kayt for suggesting our Baby Name of the Day.


Like Ella, Etta comes from names that include the sound. Henrietta comes to mind, but there’s Rosetta and Benedetta, Marietta and Coretta. The list goes on.

Add in -et and -ette endings, and it’s far longer, from mid-century Annette to current favorite Scarlett.

The meaning of Etta depends on the longer name, which makes this one a challenge to pin down.

Etta’s image, though? That’s tied to one legendary figure.


Another -etta ending name? Jamesetta. As in Jamesetta Hawkins.

The future singing legend dropped her surname, re-arranged her first and became an unforgettable singer. A six-time Grammy winner, Etta has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Grammy Hall of Fame, and Blues Hall of Fame. She recorded her first studio album in 1960; her last, in 2011. Even if you don’t know her name, you’ve heard her songs.

You might expect that Etta James would inspire parents. Except her fame came late. She didn’t receive widespread acclaim until the 1990s.

Then again, there are lots of reasons the numbers don’t show a rise in the baby name Etta during the twentieth century.

Back in the 1880s when the US rankings first begin, the baby name Etta ranked in the US Top 100.

Henrietta, Rosetta, Loretta, Retta, Marietta, Annetta, Metta, Letta, Zetta, Yetta, Lauretta, Louetta, Netta, and Margaretta all ranked in the Top 1000, too – just beyond the baby name Etta.

One infamous Etta from the late nineteenth century was Etta Place, part of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch as the companion of Harry Longabaugh, the Sundance Kid. They robbed trains – lots of them – between 1899 and 1901.

While Etta never took part in their heists, it seems she was part of their inner circle. Her real name is unclear, but some speculate it might’ve been Ethel, which fits with the time period and Etta as a nickname. Etta Place often appears in various movies and other accounts about the outlaws.

The name fell in use steadily right through the 1960s. Even if Etta James had been a break-out star from her first recording, the name might’ve felt a little dated.

By the 90s, the baby name Etta was given to only two dozen or fewer girls most years.


The twenty-first century has been the age of names like Emma and Ella – brief and complete. Rooted in history, but also with a minimalist aesthetic that feels right at home, these timeless choices have been go-tos for parents in recent decades.

It seems like the baby name Etta would fit right in, and it almost does.

Except Americans tend to say our Ts like Ds. Etta sounds something like Edda, and classic Edward isn’t particularly stylish right now. So Gemma followed Emma, but Etta remained stuck in limbo.

But the name’s use did slowly increase, and by 2017, 262 girls received the name – enough to put it back in the US Top 1000 at #990. As of 2023, the name ranks #938.

Etta continues to see saw on the edge of the Top 1000, a name that fits in, but has yet to really catch on.

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The baby name Etta appeals to plenty of parents as a retro mini name, one that’s just different enough.

Television host Carson Daly and Siri Pinter’s second daughter is named Etta, inspired by the singer. Television series Fringe included a recurring character called Etta – short for Henrietta. For now, though, these pop culture references haven’t been enough to spark a revival.

If you’re after something that’s simple and straightforward, vintage but not too frilly, and still under-the-radar, Etta could belong on your list.

What do you think of the baby name Etta?


sparky and retro

A mini name in the key of Emma and Ella. Once short for Henrietta, Etta now brings to mind legendary singer Etta James.


#938 as of 2023


increasing in use


short for names like Henrietta, a feminine form of Henry, or Loretta, an elaboration of Laura

About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

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What do you think?


  1. I know a Harriet and a Loretta (age 6ish) who both go by Etta and one about the same age whose full name is Etta. I think it’s one that’s extra hard to track since many use it as a nickname. I had never heard that Etta James comes from Jamesetta! I love that.

    1. Ooh, that’s a lot of Ettas! And I think you’re right about it being one of those tough to track names – particularly because it could come from so many longer forms.