Charles: Baby Name of the DayCount Charles among the most evergreen of classics.

Thanks to Alicia and Melissa for suggesting our Baby Name of the Day.

Charles: He Rules

Tally up the ten kings of France, four kings of Spain, two kings of England, one king of Portugal and Hungary each, as well as a host of powerful aristocrats, Holy Roman Emperors, and Charlemagne himself, and it’s easy to see this name as blue-blooded through and through.

Add in a half-dozen saints or more, and this name appears in nearly any history book.

But we’re just getting started …

Charles: Famous

Famous men by the name abound, including:

  • Scientist Darwin
  • Authors Dickens and Baudelaire
  • Aviators Lindbergh and Yeager
  • Statesman de Gaulle
  • Actor Chaplin
  • Athlete Barkley
  • Musician Mingus
  • Architects Eames and Le Corbusier

I’ve barely scratched the surface.

Charles: Free

In fact, if I added in Carlo, Carlos, Karol, and all of the name’s international variations, this post would easily quadruple in length.

While there are a few competing theories, most agree that the name comes from the Germanic Karl, meaning man, or free man.

Way back in the early 700s, Charles Martel led the Franks, fending off a Muslim invasion. His grandson shared his  name, along with the epithet Magnus – Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. While Martel wasn’t the first Carl by any means, he and his grandson put Charles on our radar. Charlemagne was wildly famous, known throughout Europe, and almost certainly the reason the name entered into wider use.

It arrived in England when Mary, Queen of Scots – raised at the French court – gave it to her son James as a middle name in 1566. It’s been in use among English royals ever since, including the current Prince of Wales.

Charles: Charlie

All of this makes the name feel quite elevated and grand. But nickname Charlie? It’s as friendly and accessible as you can get, a go-to name for storybook boys, including:

  • Good-hearted Charlie Brown, of Peanuts fame, drawn by cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
  • Roald Dahl sent his Charlie into the Chocolate Factory with Willy Wonka
  • Charlie Bone is the hero of Children of the Red King, and its sequels
  • It’s the name of one of the Weasley brothers in the Harry Potter series, and a love interest for Anne of Green Gables

The list goes on and on.

Of course, other possible nicknames abound for this traditional name, from Chuck to Chaz to maybe even Chase, and more.

And Charlie isn’t just a diminutive, either. It’s the most popular form of the name in much of the English-speaking world.

Charles: By the Numbers

Even classics rise and fall. From 1880 through the 1950s, this name appeared in the US Top Ten, falling behind only names like John and James. In fact, it’s never left the US Top 100. That puts Charles squarely among the most traditional of boy names.

Classic Boy Names: Henry, Patrick, and John

Still, it did decline in use, leaving the Top 50 at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and hitting a low of #63 by 2010.

That was the same moment parents fell hard for Charlie. The nickname name started to rise, from #450 in 2000 to #214 by 2017. Along the way, it lifted Charles, too.

That’s the strength of this name: a rock-solid traditional choice with upbeat, appealing short forms. If you’re looking for a classic name for a son that will endure over time and adapt from childhood well into adulthood, you can’t go wrong with Charles.

Would you consider this name for a son? What’s your favorite short form?

First published on March 17, 2010, this post was revised substantially and re-posted on

About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

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What do you think?


  1. Our youngest son is named Charles Cole after my husband (middle name Charles) and a middle to honor his birthmother (last name Cole). We chose Charles because our daughter was given my middle name: Elaine. I liked the symmetry and similar style, though I thought both names were fairly boring choices to begin with. I did not like any of the nicknames because they are so overused (Charlie) or unpleasant (Chuck). But after several months of living with “Charles” and calling him “CharlieCole,” (because she’s often called LainieHope) I find myself calling him Coco or just Co. He’s almost five months old now and the whole family is picking it up. Maybe it’s too feminine but it feels right and sweet. He’s my little coconut. He and his youngest sis are often El and Co. Would love to read others’ thoughts on Coco for Charles.

  2. Maybe I just have a taste for snooty royal names, because I love it. Nothing wrong with a little bit of pomp and circumstance! 😉 I like the nickname Charlie, too, mostly because of Charlie Brown. Can’t say I’m especially crazy about the other nicknames, though. Chuck makes me think of a piece of beef. The feminine Charlotte is gorgeous (and equally royal) and has the adorable nickname Lottie.

  3. In a magazine, just spotted a Charles from SC that goes by Cholly. Never saw that one before, but kind of like it… just thought I’d share.