Portrait of Lorenzo the Magnificent. 1555-1565...
Portrait of Lorenzo the Magnificent. 1555-1565. Agnolo di Cosimo, known as Agnolo Bronzino; the workshop. Tin, oil painting. Florence, the Uffizi Gallery (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

With the arrival of Snooki’s little Lorenzo, my mind has been wandering to Renaissance Italy and to the Medici dynasty.  The Medicis ruled FlorenceTheir members were dukes and popes, bankers to all of Europe.  Medici daughters married into ruling families across Europe, and Powerful doesn’t quite begin to describe them.  Without their patronage, it is possible that some of the greatest works of Michelangelo and DaVinci might never have been created.

They also had some seriously great names.  Snooki stunned me when she announced her baby-on-the-way would be called Lorenzo Dominic.  No sooner had I read the official birth announcement than I was off imagining a beach house filled with little Polizzi-LaValles, all with names at home on a Renaissance prince.

One note: some of these names come from those related to the Medicis by marriage, including fathers- and mothers-in-law, and middle names are included, too.  This means that a search for, say, Piccarda Medici might come up empty, because she’s a member of the Orsini or Sforza families, or even a foreign aristocracy.  The Medicis were big on recycling names, though, so it isn’t unusual to see a name pop up in the next generation.

Masculine Medici Monikers




CARLO- The Italian form of the evergreen Charles, Carlo fits in with Leo and Milo.

COSIMO- A Scottish duke introduced a variant of this name to English when he named his son Cosmo after one of his friends, Cosimo III.




GARZIA– A rarity that appears to have been used just once, probably because it was more common as Garcia.  A common Spanish surname today, Garcia comes from a very old personal name of uncertain derivation.  Garcia does appear elsewhere on the extended family tree, so it is a safe bet that this is a variant.

GASTONE- Better known as the French Gaston, a seventeenth century Medici received this name thanks to a French maman.



IPPOLITO– The Italian form of Hippolytus, a named borrowed from Greek legend and worn by a third century saint.  Together, it made for a logical name for a Medici prince.


LEOPOLDO– If Leopold seems over the top in 2012, then Leopoldo is probably much too much name.  Except it isn’t so far from Leonardo, another Italian appellation that has fared well in recent decades, and shares the short form Leo.


LORENZO- The question on my mind is this – will Lorenzo get a boost from the Jersey Shore birth announcement?  Laurence has faded, but Lorenzo has hovered around the 300 mark consistently over the decades.


MATTEO– The celebrity sibset of the moment is, hands down, Luca and Matteo.  Or Luka.  Or Mateo.  You get the idea …  and if not, just Google Colin Firth, Tom Colicchio, or Kristin dos Santos.



PIERFRANCESCO– Don’t you just love the way the Italians smoosh together names?  Peter Francis is just as enduring, but doesn’t have quite the same charm.




Medici Maidens



BARTOLOMEA– Yes, there is a feminine form of Bartholomew.  I don’t know how well she’d wear circa 2012, but I love her clunky sound.








CONTESSINA– She sounds extravagant, like calling a daughter Duchess.  The Italian version of the title countess is Contessa, sometimes heard as a given name.  Contessina de Bardi married into the Medici family early days, when they had amassed cash but little else.  The de Bardis had a long history and plenty of connections, but not much cash.  The match was a logical one, and Contessina was admired by the Medici family.  Her name appears several times in successive generations.

DIANORA– You won’t find this one on a birth certificate.  Instead, it was one of the names that Eleanora, the wife of Pietro de Medici, preferred.


ELANORA– One of the more common names amongst Medicis, this might be a distinctive choice in 2012, a cross between Francesca and Eleanor.

ELISABETTA– She’s a valid Italian variant of Elizabeth, but she would not have been very common in Medieval or Renaissance Italy.  That distinction belonged to Isabella.

GINEVRA– Today’s kids would recognize her as the given name of Ginny Weasley.




LAUDOMIA – Another borrowing from Greek myth, this name appears in Chaucer’s writings and is still used in modern Italy.  She’d been terribly surprising in the English-speaking world today.



LUCREZIA– Better known when spelled Lucretia – and more strongly associated with another Renaissance princess, Lucretia Borgia.




MARGARITA– Unusable in English today thanks to the drink, Margarita is a romance language spin on Margaret.






PORZIA- Like Lucrezia, she’s more familiar when spelled with a t.  Portia also gives her a Shakespearean vibe.


SEMIRAMIDE – She’s tangentially related to the family, but her name is so fabulous I couldn’t keep her off the list.  Semiramis was the name of more than one Assyrian queen, including one mentioned by Dante in his Divine Comedy More evidence of the deep influence of antiquity in the Renaissance.



VIOLANTE BEATRICE – A Bavarian princess by birth, and the youngest of eight, Violante’s exotic name has an interesting backstory.  Possibly related to Viola or maybe Yolanda, she has a history of use in various European ruling families.


VITTORIA– Want to ensure that no one will call your daughter Vicky?  The Italian form of the name omits the c.

What do you think of Italian names?  Would you use any of these for a child?

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About Abby Sandel

Whether you're naming a baby, or just all about names, you've come to the right place! Appellation Mountain is a haven for lovers of obscure gems and enduring classics alike.

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What do you think?


  1. There’s a little member of the British royal family named Margarita Armstrong-Jones (I could be amiss with the spelling). I think it’s a cute name but would fare better on an Italian child with an Italian surname…

  2. This is such a great topic! I love Italian names – particularly for boys. My favourites are Alessandro, Francesco, Lorenzo and Matteo. Elisabetta, Maddalena, Genevra and Leonora are beautiful for girls. At the school I teach at, we have a few boys with classic Italian names – Alessandro and Lorenzo, as well as the lovely Dario, Luca and Salvatore.

  3. My favorites are Lucrezia/Lucretia and Cosimo/Cosmo. 😀
    I love Italian names but with a Scottish as heck surname, most Italian names sound pretty ridiculous paired with it. Lucretia & Cosmo slide by because they’re family names or just heroes of mine.
    I’m rather fascinated with the DeMedicis myself. Wonderful names in a very interesting family!

  4. Are you sure it is Constanza and not Costanza? Never heard of the first but maybe it was the more common version back then?
    And it’s Niccolò. Don’t forget the accent!! 😉
    Oh and I can assure you that Laudomia is not still used in modern Italy…never heard of it before.
    It is interesting because many of these names strike me as very Tuscan. Cosimo can still be heard on Tuscan kids while it’s rare everywhere else. Niccolò, this version with the 2 c’s, is the only version of the name used in Tuscany, while in other parts of Italy people use mostly Nicolò.
    Anyway Reinassance names are considered very fashionable in Italy at the moment. Many of these names are super popular among kids. Some have been popular for decades, others like Lucrezia or Ginevra were extremely rare until a few years ago, now you can meet many little girls with these names (especially Ginevra!). Leone means “lion” and people would have made fun of it a few years ago, now it’s considered cool and there are more and more little boys with the name.
    However, some of these are very unusual and I doubt they’ll be coming back in style anytime soon…thank God I must add!
    My favorites from the list are Caterina, Lucrezia, Costanza, Virginia, Matteo, Leone, Filippo.

    1. Thank you for the Italian perspective!

      Yes, it is Costanza – thanks for the catch. Constanza is Spanish, and big in Chile right now …

      So is Laudomia Pucci one of one? https://www.wmagazine.com/artdesign/archive/home_pucci#slide=1 Sort of like Nigella Lawson? I should have looked more closely – the other Laudomia I found was born in 1907. She’s more Nigella than Caterina.

      Interesting that Ginevra is so popular. Is any of it Harry Potter effect? I always expect to hear Ginevra in use in the US, but never do …